Among the sins of the hand is playing the many unlawful games. Among them are: dice, cards, and the like. These games are prohibited because they rely on guessing, not on thinking and calculating. Dices are the small cubes on which numbers are written and they are played with.
These prohibited games result in fights among people and other evil things. It is not permissible to play games which involves the use of dice which are haraam and emphatically forbidden. Narrated by Muslim (2260) from Buraydah (may Allah be pleased with him).
Throwing Dice: The die is also called ‘Nardashir’ as it was made for the first Persian king.
The Prophet, sallallahu ^alayhi wa sallam, said:
مَنْ لَعِبَ بِالنَّرْدَشِيرِ فَكَأَنَّمَا غَمَسَ يَدَهُ فِي لَحْمِ خِنْزِيرٍ وَدَمِهِ
Man la^iba bin-Nardashiri faka’annama ghamasa yadahu fi lahmi khinziriw wadamih.
Which means: “The one who plays with dice is similar to the one who submerges his hand in the flesh and blood of a pig.” (Narrated by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.)
Al-Nawawi said in his commentary on Muslim: This hadeeth is quoted as evidence by al-Shaafa’i and the majority of scholars for the prohibition on playing with dice. What is meant by “dipping his hand in the flesh and blood of a pig as if he were to eat them, so this prohibition (on dice) is likened to the prohibition on eating (the flesh and blood of a pig).”
Abu Dawood (4938) and Ibn Maajah (3762) narrated from Abu Moosa al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever plays with dice has disobeyed Allah and Allah’s Messenger.” Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
It was also narrated by Ahmad (19519) in the words: “Whoever plays with cubes (dice) has disobeyed Allaah and His Messenger.” Classed as hasan by al-Arna’oot in Tahqeeq al-Musnad.
These ahadith indicate that it is haraam to play with dice, so every game which involves playing with dice is also haraam.
Playing Cards: Playing cards is forbidden just like playing with dice, because every game that is based on guessing (chance), but not on calculation and thinking, is haram.
Dominoes: It is among the games that are played by guessing and chance.
Note: When the above-mentioned games are played where money will be lost, playing them becomes gambling, which is among the major sins.
Chess: It is not like dice because its basis is calculation and thinking before moving. What was narrated from the Prophet dispraising chess is not confirmed. This game was made to help in learning strategies, and good management. It is also helpful with preparing for war and mathematical calculations. Still, it is disliked to play it.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said in al-Mughni (10/171): Chapter on games: “Every game which involves gambling is haraam, no matter what game it is. It is the gambling which Allah has commanded us to avoid, and the one who does that on a regular basis, his testimony is to be rejected. That which is free of gambling is the game in which there is no payment by both sides or either side. Some of these games are haraam and some are permissible. That which is haraam is games with dice. This is the view of Abu Haneefah and most of the companions of al-Shaafa’i.”
Al-Zayla’i narrated that there was a consensus that it is haraam to play with dice. Tabyeen al-Haqaa’iq (6/32).
It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (15/210): “It is not permissible to play with dice even if that does not involve prizes, especially if it distracts one from praying on time. So it is essential to refrain from doing that because it is the kind of entertainment that is haraam.”
Watch Small Explanation in below video:
And Allah knows the best of all.